Ghadr was an Indian freedom revolutionary movement formed in San Francisco, USA in 1913, drawing support from Indians, mainly living overseas. Ghadr means mutiny in Urdu. The Ghadr party’s Indian members were principally Sikhs. The call for mutiny was intensified with party representatives spreading the message of Ghadr through visits to various countries including China. The purpose being garnering support and collecting funds as well as distributing printed literature and pamphlets.

In Shanghai, Gujjar Singh is considered to be a main proponent of the Ghadr chapter. The Shanghai gurdwara located on North Schezuan road extension (old name) became a central point where Ghadr activities were carried out.  Isabella Jackson in her journal article, ‘The Raj on Nanjing Road’ mentions that 6 Ghadr activists who were sentenced in a trial were from Shanghai.  Incidentally, Kirpal Singh the spy operative who revealed the Ghadr plot details to the British authorities was supposedly a former Shanghai Municipal Policeman.

The port of Shanghai served as a convenient point for Ghadr activists to preach the message of Indian freedom.

Note:  Ghadr is also known as The Annie Larsen affair as well as the Hindu-German conspiracy (or Indo-German conspiracy).

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