Saishin Shanhai chizu, 1908 by Tanioka Shigeru. Wednesday, May 15 2013 

Saishin Shanhai chizu, 1908 by Tanioka Shigeru.

Click the map to view it at emory.edu

1908 Shanghai Map

More on H W G Hayter’s caricatures Tuesday, May 7 2013 

Sikh caricature from 'Letters from a Shanghai Griffin'

Sikh caricature from ‘Letters from a Shanghai Griffin’

In my last post on H W G Hayter, I referred to his 1902 book,’Caricatures’ among other things.

Henry William Goodenough Hayter (1862-1915) edited or illustrated for other well-known Shanghai or China related books, besides contributing to dailies or weeklies such as, ‘The Rattle’ or ‘The Eastern Sketch.’ In ‘Letters from a Shanghai Griffin’ he includes again the caricature of a Sikh policeman. The author of the book, Jay Denby, provides a tiny description of the Indian contingent in the Shanghai Municipal Police:

“The police force is composed principally of Indians, who also supply a great deal of the crime. They are of two castes, viz.,Malwais and Manjhas.”

Denby meant Malwas & Manjhas/Majhas  and this was essentially how the Sikhs were categorized in Old Shanghai and other colonies. The legal disputes involving Shanghai Sikhs took enormous amount of the H.B.M. court’s time and with language complexities included many a times, the Sikh policemen.

Not much information is available on H.W.G. Hayter except to state his role as a caricaturist in Shanghai.

What follows below is my puny attempt to create a bibliography of sorts (along with online links/physical formats) for H.W.G. Hayter’s books on China/Shanghai. Please feel free to email me at sikhsinshanghai@gmail.com for any additions/modifications.

H.W.G Hayter’s select China bibliography

Lays of far Cathay and others. A collection of original poems. By “Tung Chia.” [pseud. for J.O.P. Bland] Illus. by H. H. ( 1890 by Kelly & Walsh iShanghai) 
 
View at http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5790248W/Lays_of_far_Cathay_and_others
 

The amateur circus of 1901 by J Em Lemière;H.W.G.Hayter(Toole-Stott, Shanghai, 1901) (No online views available)

Available at http://www.worldcat.org/title/amateur-circus-of-1901/oclc/65911432&referer=brief_results

Caricatures bH. W. G. Hayter (Kelly & Walsh, Shanghai, the Oriental Press, 1902)

View at  http://openlibrary.org/works/OL16526853W/Caricatures

 Pidgin English rhymes : being the strange adventures of Wei Man-Man and Ossaw Tee / by H.W.G. Hayter ;  (Shanghai : China Print. Co., 1909) 

View (U.S. only) at http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011985006

Folk songs of China / by A.K. ; illustrated by H.W.G. Hayter (Shanghai : China Printing Company, Ltd., Publishers, 1909 )

Available in National Library of Australia. http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/4697287

Letters of a Shanghai Griffin … Illustrated by H. W. G. Hayter  Jay Denby (Author) aka Letters from China and some Eastern sketches (1911)

View at http://openlibrary.org/books/OL24150540M/Letters_from_China_and_some_Eastern_sketches

Caricatures by H W G Hayter Monday, May 6 2013 

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From ‘The Rattle’ (1896)

Henry William Goodenough Hayter (1862-1915) was the editor of ‘The Eastern Sketch’, an illustrated weekly in Shanghai’s International Settlement in early twentieth century. His cartoons on Sketch’s  front cover were satirical, lampooning Shanghai’s Who’s who. The July,1896 edition of ”The Rattle’ (another publication) includes his caricatures of Sikhs. One of the illustrations, titled ‘Hide and Sikh’ distinctly depicts a very black-complexioned Sikh beating a Chinese ‘coolie.’

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From: ‘The Rattle’ (1896)

Hayter’s cartoons of various eminent Shanghai personalities found a place in his 1902 book published in Shanghai by ‘Kelly and Walsh’, titled ‘Caricatures’ .It contained 32 color illustrations. Most were taken from his collection in  ‘The Rattle’ but few new ones were also added. The book included 5 original cartoons that he’d sketched for the Shanghai Race Club.

Here’s a well-known Shanghai Municipal Councilor who’d penned some humorous verses for ‘The Rattle’  – J.O.P. Bland. Hayter titled Bland’s caricature as ‘Tung Chia.’  Unfortunately not much is known of Hayter. He is, however,credited with introducing the caricature genre in Shanghai.

(I am not sure what the meaning of Tung Chia is but the inference could be ‘wise one’  or worldly wise.)  Anyone knows what it means?

J.O.P. Bland from 'Caricatures' by Hayter

J.O.P. Bland from ‘Caricatures’ by Hayter

Ricksha coolie’s ferocious oppressor. Tuesday, Apr 23 2013 

The oppressed rickha ‘coolie’ plying his humble vehicle in the Far East colonies of Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai was tasked with monthly inspection British law. The inspection would be for renewing his ricksha license which invariably was conducted by a Sikh policeman imported from India. The Sikh policeman was considered to be unbearably harsh and aggressive, liberally using his truncheon, damaging the ricksha and hurting even the ‘coolie’. The ricksha laborer’s livelihood was dependent on operating the ricksha and hence loss of earnings was naturally attributed to the much detested British Sikh bobby. Many western onlookers and passengers have narrated in their travelogues and accounts of the plight of the puny ricksha coolies at the hands of the towering Sikhs who used excessive violence and brute force.

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1910 Singapore

Even in present times the caricatures of the Sikh policeman in popular Chinese culture continue, symbolizing the humiliating past and the cruel face of imperialism.

‘Spot the Sikh’ Tuesday, Mar 12 2013 

'spot the Sikh'

Do you see the Shanghai Sikh policeman in this 1930s photo? The ‘Spot the Sikh’ game was started on the Sikhs in Shanghai Facebook page by image & information contributor Martin Fecitt.

Newly baptized Hong Kong Sikh heads to USA in 1969 Monday, Mar 11 2013 

Newly baptized Hong Kong Sikh heads to USA in 1969

1935 inside the Shanghai municipal gaol – a rare view Thursday, Feb 14 2013 

1935 inside the gaol - a rare view

Sikh/Indian policeman in Shanghai – 1935

Katya Knyazeva's scrapbook

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Shanghai Art Deco

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Sikhs in Shanghai

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Colonizing Animals

A blog about beasts, Burma and British imperialism

:: Strange Black Box ::

:: Strange Cities ::

China Rhyming

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Taj Mahal Foxtrot

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COOLIE WOMAN

The Odyssey of Indenture

My Hong Kong Husband

Polish girl married to a Hongkonger, based in Hong Kong

In the Dark World's Fire: Life in Occupied Hong Kong

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Soft Film 軟性電影

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Untold lives blog

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Amitav Ghosh

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Shanghailander

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Macau Antigo

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Veritas Est Libertas

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OLD PHOTOS of JAPAN

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